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Low Voltage Dynamic Reactive Power Compensator---TSC/TSF
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Static var compensator (SVC) with MCR
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Zhuhai Wanlida Electrical Automation Co.,Ltd.
Email http://mail.zhwld.com
Tel +86-756-3395623
Address:Wanlida Relay Protection Industrial Park, No. 1 Technology Road, Science and Technology Innovation Coast, High-tech Zone, ZhuHai City, GuangDong Province.
 
Static var compensator (SVC) with MCR
Overview
A Static VAR Compensator (or SVC) is an electrical device for providing fast-acting reactive power on high-voltage electricity transmission networks. SVCs are part of the Flexible AC transmission system device family, regulating voltage and stabilizing the system. The term "static" refers to the fact that the SVC has no moving parts (other than circuit breakers and disconnects, which do not move under normal SVC operation).
 
The SVC of MCR type adopted adjustable iron core reactor to control inductive reactive power through changing magnetic permeability of iron core with DC excitation. Because MCR is the real reactor that inductance can be adjusted compared with TCR, the MCR typed SVC has become more and more popular in dynamic reactive power compensation application fields.
The main functions of MCR typed SVC
     Enhance power factor and Reduce line loss;
     Adjust and Stabilize power grid voltage;
     During short-circuit, reactive power has a function of sustaining instantaneous voltage to avoid generator breaking.
     Increase power transfer capability.
The comparison between MCR and TCR
From the above diagram, the main difference is at blue section.
The SCR of SVC with MCR is coupled with reactor through iron core; it just needs to withstand lower voltage of 380V, so it has a very high stability.
The SCR of SVC with TCR is connected in series to high voltage main circuit; it needs to withstand high voltage and big current, so it is easy to damage.
Items
SVC of MCR
SVC of TCR
Response time of SCR
<10ms
<10ms
Entire response time
100~300ms
40~200ms
Harmonic contents
5th<2.6%, 7th<1.5%, 11th<0.6%, 13th<0.3%
5th<5.0%, 7th<2%, 11th<1.0%, 13th<0.7%
Voltage withstanding of SCR
Small, no need to connected in series
Big, need to connected in series
SCR heating
Small, no need of water cooling device
Big, need water cooling device or heat pipe cooling
Installation site of SCR
Outdoor cabinet
Indoor
Independent adjustment
Yes
Yes
Maintenance
Free of maintenance
Complicated maintenance
Reliability
25 years of no faults operation time
Easy to burn for SCR
Over-load capacity
1.5 times
No
Electromagnetic Pollution
No
The main reactor generates strong alternating magnetic fields, it is harmful to health
Noise
70-72db
Below of 62db
Active power loss
0.5%~0.8%
0.5%~0.8%
Floor space
Small
Big
The dynamic compensation theory of SVC of MCR type
From the left diagram on above primary circuit diagram:
QF: Impact reactive power of load
QC: Capacitive reactive power supplied by fixed capacitor bank on bus bar---Constant
QL: Inductive reactive power supplied by magnetically controllable reactor---Dynamic adjustment
The most important is to control the pass angle of the thyristors prospectively to obtain the needed currents in order to provide the needed reactive power of QL.
Therefore, the system must try to satisfy the equity:
QS=QF+ (QL-QC) =0, so that the power factor is a constant and there will be no fluctuation of the voltage, here, QS is generated reactive power on bus bar.
Why choose SVC of MCR Type
● High reliability: The SCR is installed in low voltage circuit, not in main circuit, so, the withstanding voltage is just 1% of main circuit voltage.
● Low harmonic contents: THD is below of 5%, which comply with related national criterion, if the multiple connections are adopted, the THD can be reduced below of 1.2%.
● Small dimension: the dimension of MCR is about 2/5 of TCR.
● It can be able to connect in high voltage power grid, the cost and floor space are reduced dramatically.
● Fast response time(100~300ms), it can fully meet the demand of dynamic reactive power compensation of power equipments.
● No need of cooling devices, which reduce the fault rate, maintenance cost and floor space.
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